|30-05-2002, 07:00 AM||#1|
تاريخ التسجيل: Nov 2001
الإقامة: بلاد الحرمين
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
لتعلم اللغة الانجليزية واي لغة في العالم الكثير من الوسائل والطرق لإجادتها .
ولا تخفى علينا جميعا كثرة القراءة وما لفعاليتها في زيادة حصيلة المفردات عند المتعلم . ولذلك سأقوم بعرض قطعة تتكون من كلمات تعتبر شائعة ومن لم يعرف او اراد السؤال عن اي كلمة من ضمن القطعة . فسنحاول جميعا توضيحها للقارء ولكم تحياتي .
I did a project about smoking, in which I interviewed some people from different countries who were smokers. I asked sever persons: five men, one woman and a boy of 17. I asked them a lot of questions.
The first question that I asked was: "How long have you been smoking?" Almost everyone I asked said for many years (except the young boy). The next question was: "Do you know what cigarettes consist of and the effects of these things, and also, does that make you want to stop?"
Most people replied to this question that they knew the content of cigarettes and also their effects but they don't want to stop. Some of them think about stopping smoking but they didn't take a decision to stop.
The following question was: "Have you ever tried to quit smoking?" All the people except the woman answered that they wanted to quit and they have tried by stopping it for a period of time but they return to smoking. The woman answered that she didn't want to stop because she liked it. Then I asked the men their opinion about women smokers. They said that it's a bad thing and it isn't appropriate, except one man who is French told me that it's OK and it doesn't matter.
The next question that I asked was: "Does the advertising or publicity against smoking have a good effect or not?" They said yes, except the boy and the woman. The following question was: "What would you do if you knew your son or daughter smoked?" All of them said that they would try to advise him or her to stop but without force and punishment. The next question was: "Do you follow the instructions about not smoking in specific places?" All of them said yes, except the woman. The final question was: "Do you take care when you are with someone who hates smoking?" Only the woman said no. She doesn't care about anything!
After these interviews, I asked some other people who are long time smokers about the ways that they used to stop smoking. Some of the smokers use cigarettes with low nicotine as the first step or try to cut down on smoking gradually. Using chewing gum instead of smoking is the best way that the smokers used and they thought that it helps them very much. On the other hand, some people used nicotine patches or nicotine gums which contain nicotine only. They also use a "nicorette" filter, which looks like a cigarette which also only contains nicotine. These were the best ways that smokers used to stop.
In my opinion, the government is responsible for health education so announcements in TV, the newspaper, magazines and many other places are ways that support people who want to quit by letting them know the effects of smoking on their health. I think this is very important because it makes non-smoking people afraid and try to avoid smoking and all smokers and it makes smokers know the medical diseases that result
|31-05-2002, 06:42 AM||#2|
تاريخ التسجيل: Sep 2001
الإقامة: أعمااااااااق الوادي ... الله يخارجنا !
thanks for your Participation
هذه مناسبة طيبة لنتعرف جميعاً على استراتيجية القراءة باللغة الانجليزية
I think this is good opportunity to learn reading strategy
guessing new words from context
you ofen find new words in an article . But it's important not to use a dictionary for every new word.Instead, try to guess the word from its context the sentecnce or paragraph that the word is in.
Example : In some countries ,student'textbooks are in pristine - perfect - condition.
Can you guess the meaning of pristine
Look at the rest of sentece .Look at the dashes ( - ) around the word perfect.They tell you that perfect means the same thing.So pristine = perfect .Using dashes is just one way to guess the meaning of a new word .
Sometimes you don't need to know the meaning of a new word because the word isn't important.
Also, you can understand the main ideas of an article without knowing the meaning of every word in it.
Example: Student mark the main ideas with a felt-tip pin.
Do you know the meaning of felt-tip
Is it important ? Not really . The important word is pen , and you already know that word .A felt-tip pen is a kind of pen, but you don't need to know exactly what kind to understand the sentece.
باختصار ،،، عندما تقرأ اي موضوع أو مقال باللغة الانجليزية لا تحاول ترجمة كل كلمة جديدة بل حاول ( تخمين guess ) معنى الكلمة الجديدة من سياق أو محتوى الجملة context فالمهم أن تعرف الأفكار الريسية للموضوع main ideas
وبهذا سوف تتحسن مهارة سرعة القراءة لديك ...
ولكن برضه ( اهمية ) الكلمة لها دور فمثلا هل الكلمة الجديدة التي لم تعرف معناها ستعيقك من فهم الموضوع الاجمالي أم لا إذا نعم ( استخدم المترجم ) إذا لا استمر بالقراءة و حاول تخمين المعنى من سياق الكلمات ....
ففي المثال الثاني :
الطلاب يحددون الأفكار الرييسة للموضوع باستخدام قلم فليت - تيب .
طبعاً : كلمة flet-tip هي الجديدة هنا ،، لكن هل تعيق فهمك لمعنى الجملى العام؟؟ بالتأكيد لا و هذا بسبب أن الكلمة ( غير مهمة ) .
when you see a new word .Ask your self: Can you guess the meaning of the word from its context
في حالة yes
stop , don't use a dictionary
في حالة no
Ask yourself: Is the word important
إذا الاجابة yes
Go to the dictionary
أما غذا كانت الاجابة no
Don't worry:keep reading . Remember: It's O.K. not to know the exact meaning of every word.
الرجاء عدم التردد لطرح اي سؤال في هذا الموضوع
plesae : feel free to ask any question
وبالتوفيق للجميع Good Luck
التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة أبو الشباب ; 03-06-2002 الساعة 05:02 AM.
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